Hip pinning is a procedure used to repair a hip fracture, or broken hip. Pinning means that 1 or more special metal pins are inserted into a bone or bones.
A hip fracture is actually a break in the top part of the thighbone, also called the femur. Not every hip fracture needs pinning. A bone surgeon known as an orthopedist will determine if a fracture needs pinning. The decision is usually based on the location, type, and severity of the hip fracture. The hip pinning enables the hip to begin functioning and the person to move around earlier than if the bone had to heal on its own. Also, it can help reduce complications from prolonged bed rest.
Hip pinning is done in the operating room under general anesthesia or regional anesthesia. General anesthesia means the person is put to sleep with medications. Regional anesthesia usually means the person will be awake but numb below the waist. A medication may be given to make the person drowsy.
Once the anesthesia has started to work, the hip area is cleaned. An incision is usually made on the outside of the hip. In rare cases, an incision is not made into the skin, and the bones are manipulated into the right position from the outside of the body. Joint X-rays are used to confirm that the bone pieces are in the right position. Special metal pins are then inserted into the bone pieces to hold them together. In most cases, these pins are underneath the skin and cannot be seen after the operation. In some cases, the pins are inserted through the skin and can be seen after surgery.
Other devices such as metal plates may also be needed to help hold the broken bone together. After the bone is repaired, the incision is sewn closed. Special plastic tubes may be put through the skin incision and into the area of surgery. These act as drains to collect blood and other fluid that can build up after surgery. A dressing is then applied to the incision. The person is taken to the surgery recovery room. This procedure usually takes a total of 1 to 3 hours.
After a hip pinning, the person will stay in the surgery recovery room for close observation. Blood pressure, pulse rate, breathing rate, and other body functions will be checked. Close attention will be paid to the circulation and sensation in the legs and feet. The person will receive fluids through an intravenous tube to replace those lost during surgery. The individual may have a drain inserted in the body near the incision. He or she may also have a urinary catheter to drain urine from the bladder.
After a short time, the person is taken to a hospital room on the orthopedic unit or to the surgical inpatient unit. Pain medications are given as needed. Antibiotics may be given to prevent or treat infections. While in the hospital, the individual will have physical therapy. This involves learning to perform exercises to strengthen the hip. Most people will be able to leave the hospital within 5 to 7 days.
Before going home, the person should be able to get around using crutches or a walker. Physical therapy may still be needed after the person goes home. Some people need to go to a rehabilitation center after leaving the hospital. This helps them gain the independence needed to be able to get around at home. Full recovery from this surgery may take 3 to 6 months.
Surgery may cause bleeding, infection, and allergic reactions to anesthesia. Pain medications or antibiotics may cause stomach upset, allergic reactions, or rash.
The most common complications of a hip pinning are:
Any new or worsening symptoms should be reported to the healthcare provider.
Author:Gail Hendrickson, RN, BS
Editor:Ballenberg, Sally, BS
Reviewer:Eileen McLaughlin, RN, BSN
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